Moldova (formerly Moldavia) is a landlocked republic of hilly plains lying east of the Carpathian Mountains between the Prut and Dniester (Dnestr) rivers. Moldova is a former Soviet country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine on the east and Romania to the west. Despite improvements in the economy, the Republic of Moldova remains Europe’s poorest nation. Its per capita income is at the same level as most third-world, developing nations.Moldova’s proximity to the Black Sea gives it a mild and sunny climate. It came under Ottoman Turkish rule.The democratic republic is under the current rule of President  Nicolae Timofti. Moldova’s capital and largest city is Chisinau, with a totalarea of 13,067 sq mi (33,843 sq km)and population of 3,538,288 in 2014. It has latitudes 47°0′N28°55′E.

Moldova’s currency is Leu with aGDP/PPP $13.25 billion, per capita of $3,800 in 2013. Its official languages are Moldovan and Romanian

The region is very fertile, with rich black soil (chernozem) covering three-quarters of the territory. The fertile soil supports wheat, corn, barley, tobacco, sugar beet, and soybeans. Beef and dairy cattle are raised, and beekeeping is widespread. Moldova’s best-known product comes from its extensive and well-developed vineyards concentrated in the central and southern regions. In addition to world-class wine Moldova produces liqueurand sparkling wine. Moldova is also known for its sunflower seeds, walnuts, apples, and other fruits. This makes the area ideal for agriculture and food processing, which accounts for about 40% of the country’s GDP.

Boasting 23 lakes, innumerable parks and varied wildlife, Chisinau has one of the highest proportions of natural spaces of any city in Europe. Moldova’s green capital is situated on the Bic River, surrounded by fertile land rife with vineyards, making it a popular destination for wine tours. The city is also renowned for its cognac and especially it’s award-winning beer.