THE KOSOVO’S CULTURAL BACKGROUND
Kosovo is located in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe. It is recognized as a sovereign state whole is mainly made up of Albanian and Serbian ethnicities. Kosovo’s Cultural property is very rich in monuments, clothing items, museums, traditional food etc. This part of Kosovo’s Cultural Heritage is very attractive for visitors who want to see cultural and artistic masterpieces, to learn about the evidence left by pre-history, the classical period, the Illyrian period etc.
Religion: There is no official religion in Kosovo, although the country is predominantly Muslim as the majority of Albanians are Muslim. Many of the ethnic Serbs are Orthodox. Islam (the name of the religion, whose followers are called Muslims) is a monotheistic religion, whose holy book is called the Qur’an. The Qur’an is believed to be the word of God spoken through Muhammad from 609-632 CE (Common Era is preferred over AD (Anno Domini or “year of the Lord”) since the Islamic world doesn’t believe Jesus was the messiah). Islam believes Muhammad was the last prophet sent to earth by God, the last in a long line of prophets, which includes Moses, Abraham, and Jesus among others.
Cuisine in Kosovo is similar to the cuisine of the surrounding places (Montenegro, southern Serbia, Albania, Republic of Macedonia), and has been significantly influenced by Turkish cuisine, as well as the Balkan cuisine. Common dishes include burek, pies, flija, kebab, suxhuk, sausages, stuffed peppers, lamb, beans, sarma, burjan, Pite and rice. However, the cuisine varies slightly between different regions. Bread and dairy are important staples in Kosovar cuisine. The most widely used dairy products are milk, yogurt, ayran, spreads, cheese and kaymak. Meat (beef, chicken and lamb), beans, rice and peppers are, likewise, major parts of the Kosovan diet. Vegetables are used seasonally. Usually, cucumbers, tomatoes and cabbage are pickled. Herbs such as salt, black pepper, red pepper and Vegeta are also popular.
Sport in Kosovo has a long tradition and plays a prominent role in the society. Popular sports in Kosovo are among others football, basketball, volleyball, handball, and wrestling. Whereas, major individual sports include wrestling, judo, swimming, boxing, karate and skiing. Whereas, individual sports are the ones who brought Kosovo’s biggest successes. Nevertheless, athletes who were born and raised in European countries, had the opportunity to be successful in the international area. The boxer Luan Krasniqi, who appeared under the German flag, has achieved many success among others by winning the European Championship title.
Clothes: Traditional clothing in Kosovo resembles much of the Albanian traditional clothing if not all the same. There are over 200 different kinds of clothing and styles of wearing the clothes all depending of where you’re from, the history of your fis (clan), and many more reasons. As for present day clothing – there isn’t much difference in Kosovo fashion from any westernized country.