Poland is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine and Belarus to the east; and the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq mi), making it the 71st largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe.

With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union, and the most populous post-communist member of the Europe. Poland’s current President is Bronisław Komorowski.

Poland’s territory extends across several geographical regions, between latitudes 49° and 55° N, and longitudes 14° and 25° E.

Polish is the official language of Poland.

The climate is mostly temperate throughout the country. The climate is oceanic in the north and west and becomes gradually warmer and continental towards the south and east. Summers are generally warm, with average temperatures between 18 and 30 °C (64.4 and 86.0 °F) depending on a region. Winters are rather cold, with average temperatures around 3 °C (37.4 °F) in the northwest and −6 °C (21 °F) in the northeast. Precipitation falls throughout the year, although, especially in the east; winter is drier than summer.

Poland’s high-income economy is considered to be one of the healthiest of the post-Communist countries and is one of the fastest growing within the EU. Poland is the only European economy to have avoided the late-2000s recession.. In 2009 Poland had the highest GDP growth in the EU – 1.6%.

The country’s most successful exports include machinery, furniture, foods and meats, motorboats, light planes, hardwood products, casual clothing, shoes and cosmetics.

Germany is by far the biggest importer of Poland’s exports as of 2013.

Tourism in Poland contributes to the country’s overall economy.

Poland experienced an increase in the number of tourists after joining the European Union. Tourism contributes significantly to Poland’s overall economy and makes up a relatively large proportion of the country’s service market.