Sweden officially the Kingdom of Sweden is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway and Finland, and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.7 million.
The official language of Sweden is Swedish.
Sweden lies between latitudes 55° and 70° N, and mostly between longitudes 11° and 25° E (part of Stora Drammen Island is just west of 11°). The highest temperature ever recorded in Sweden was 38 °C (100 °F), while the coldest temperature ever recorded was −52.6 °C (−62.7 °F).
Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, with the Monarch as the head of state. The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country.
Sweden joined the European Union, but declined NATO membership.
Sweden has been a member of the European Union since 1 January 1995, but declined Eurozone membership following a referendum. It is also a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Sweden is the seventh-richest country in the world in terms of GDP (gross domestic product) per capita and its citizens experience a high standard of living. Sweden is an export-oriented mixed economy. Sweden’s GDP in 2013 was $393.8 billion.
Timber, hydro-power and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy with a heavy emphasis on foreign trade.
Sweden’s engineering sector accounts for 50% of output and exports, while telecommunications, automotive industry and the pharmaceutical industries are also of great importance. Sweden is the ninth-largest arms exporter in the world. Agriculture accounts for 2% of GDP and employment. The country ranks among the highest for telephone and Internet access penetration.