Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993.
A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north,Bulgariato the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northwestern third of the larger geographicalregion of Macedoniawhich also comprises the neighbouring parts of northern Greece and a smaller portion in southwestern Bulgaria. The country’s capital is Skopje, with a population of 2.107 million people.
Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with an executive government.
The current Prime Minister is Nikola Gruevski who is serving his third consecutive term in office.
The Macedonian Denar is the currency of Macedonia. There are three main climatic zones in the country: temperate Mediterranean, mountainous, and mildly continental. Macedonia has a total area of 25,713 km2 (9,928 sq. mi). It lies between latitudes 40° and 43° N, and mostly between longitudes 20° and 23° E (a small area lies east of 23°).
Macedonia since December 2005 has also been a candidate for joining theEuropean Unionand has applied for NATO membership.In 2005, the country was officially recognized as an European Union candidate state. Macedonia became a member state of the UN on 8 April 1993 and is a member of the following international and regional organisations: IMF, WHO, EBRD, Central European Initiative, Council of Europe, OSCE, SECI, WTO, CEFTA, La Francophonie.
Tourism is an important part of the economy of the Republic of Macedonia. The country’s large abundance of natural and cultural attractions make it an attractive destination of visitors. It receives about 700,000 tourists annually. Macedonia’s tourism and travel industry contributed 7.3 billion denars ($128 million/118.4 million Euro) directly to the country’s economy in 2014, equivalent to 1.4% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), according to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC).
Textiles represent the most significant sector for trade, accounting for more than half of total exports.Other important exports include iron, steel, wine and vegetables.Principal Macedonian exports to the United States are tobacco, apparel, iron, and steel.