Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The country’s capital and largest city is Budapest. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe. Hungary has a total area of 93,030 km2 (35,919) with a population of about 9.9 million in 2014 estimate.
Hungary has an average annual temperature of 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Temperature extremes recorded are about 41.9 °C (107.4 °F) on 20 July 2007 in the summer and −35 °C (−31.0 °F) on 16 February 1940 in the winter. It lies on latitudes 47°26′N19°15′E.
The currency of Hungary is called “forint” (sign: Ft; code: HUF) which was introduced in 1946.On 23 October 1989, Hungary again became a democratic parliamentary republic, and is today an upper-middle-income country with a very high Human Development Index.Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and the Schengen Area.
Hungarys GDP PPP in 2015 estimate is $225,285 billion with per capita of $21,239.The private sector accounts for more than 80% of the Hungarian gross domestic product (GDP). Foreign ownership of and investment in Hungarian firms are widespread, with cumulative foreign direct investment worth more than $70 billion. Hungary’s main industries are mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), and motor vehicles. Hungary’s main agricultural products are wheat, corn, sunflower seed, potatoes, sugar beets, pigs, cattle, poultry, and dairy products.
The first steam engine of continental Europe was built in Újbánya – Köngisberg, Kingdom of Hungary (Today Nová Baňa Slovakia) in 1722. It was a Newcomen type engine, used for pumping water from mines.
Hungary is a popular tourist destination attracting 10.675 million tourists a year (2013). It is home to the largest thermal water cave systemand the second-largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (the Hortobágy National Park).
Hungary is home to the largest synagogue in Europe (Great Synagogue), built in 1859 in Moorish Revival style, the largest medicinal bath in Europe (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath), completed in 1913 in Modern Renaissance Style and located in the City park, one of the largest basilicas in Europe (Esztergom Basilica) and the second largest territorial abbey in the world (Pannonhalma Archabbey).