Croatia is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country’s primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometers (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. The country’s population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats.
Croatian is the official language of Croatia, and became the 24th official language of the European Union upon its accession in 2013.
It lies mostly between latitudes 42° and 47° N and longitudes 13° and 20° E.Croatia had the lowest temperature of −35.5 °C (−31.9 °F) recorded on 3 February 1919, and the highest temperature of 42.4 °C (108.3 °F) recorded on 5 July 1950.
Croatia is a member of the European Union (EU), United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean.
The service sector dominates Croatia’s economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism dominates the Croatian service sector and accounts for up to 20% of Croatian GDP. Annual tourist industry income for 2011 was estimated at €6.61 billion.
Croatia is ranked as the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world.About 15% of these visitors (over one million per year) are involved with naturism, an industry for which Croatia is world famous. It was also the first European country to develop commercial naturist resorts.
The European Union is Croatia’s most important trading partner.
Croatia has a high-income economy. International Monetary Fund data shows that Croatian nominal GDP stood at $57.371 billion, or $13,401 per capita in 2013, while purchasing power parity GDP was $86.570 billion, or $20,221 per capita.According to the CIA world facts book, Croatian PPP GDP is $89,357 billion with per capita of $20,873 in 2015.
In 2010, economic output was dominated by the service sector, which accounted for 66% of GDP, followed by the industrial sector with 27.2% and agriculture accounting for 6.8% of GDP.
The industrial sector is dominated by shipbuilding, food processing, pharmaceuticals, information technology, biochemical and timber industry. In 2010, Croatian exports were valued at 64.9 billion kuna (€8.65 billion) with 110.3 billion kuna (€14.7 billion) worth of imports.