Republic of Austria is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.5 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,879 square kilometres (32,386 sq mi) and has an alpine climate.
The Parliament of Austria is located in Vienna, the country’s largest city and capital.
Austria’s population estimate in January 2014 was 8,579,747.
German is Austria’s official language. Austria lies between latitudes 46° and 49° N, and longitudes 9° and 18° E.
Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, and is a founder of the OECD. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the European currency, the Euro, in 1999.
Austria’s GDP per PPP was $361 billion (2013 est.)
Austria is the 12th richest country in the world in terms of GDP (Gross domestic product) per capita, has a well-developed social market economy, and a high standard of living.
Austriaimportsmachinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs.Its import partners are Germany 40.39%, Italy 6.13%, Switzerland 5.36% (2013 est.). And exports machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, withpartnersGermany 29.31%, Italy 6.25%, Switzerland 5.08%, United States 5% and France 4.27% (2013 est.)
Tourism forms an important part of Austria’s economy, accounting for almost 9% of the Austrian gross domestic product in 2007, Austria ranked 9th worldwide in international tourism receipts, with 18.9 billion US$. In international tourist arrivals, Austria ranked 12th with 20.8 million tourists.