The Republic of Albania, Capital Tirana

albanian-flag-graphic

Albania is a country in Southeastern Europe. Its capital is Tirana.It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovoto the northeast, the Republic of Macedoniato the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. Albania’s coastline length is 476 km (296 mi)and extends along the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. The lowlands of the west face the Adriatic Sea.

Albania has a total area of 28,748 square kilometers (11,100 square miles). It lies between latitudes 39° and 43° N, and mostly between longitudes 19° and 21° E (a small area lies east of 21°).

The lowlands have mild winters, averaging about 7 °C (45 °F). Summer temperatures average 24 °C (75 °F). In the southern lowlands, temperatures average about 5 °C (9 °F) higher throughout the year. The difference is greater than 5 °C (9 °F) during the summer and somewhat less during the winter.

Albania is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe and the World Trade Organization. It is one of the founding members of the Energy Community and the Union for the Mediterranean. It is also an official candidate for membership in the European Union

Agriculture is the most significant sector, employing a significant proportion of the labor force and generating about 21% of GDP. Albania produces significant amounts of wheat, corn, tobacco, figs (13th largest producer in the world) and olives. As of 2014, exports seem to gain momentum and have increased 300% from 2008, although their contribution to the gross domestic product is still moderate. The export of products per capita as of 2014 was around $1,100.The country is rich in natural resources, and the economy is mainly bolstered by agriculture, food processing, lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydro power, tourism, textile industry, and petroleum extraction.

A large part of Albania’s national income comes from tourism. Tourism as of 2013 funds 10% of its gross domestical product, and it increase to 20% in 2014. Albania welcomed around 4.2 million visitors in 2012, mostly from neighbouring countries and the European Union. In 2011, Albania was recommended as a top travel destination, by Lonely Planet. In 2014, Albania was nominated number 4 global touristic destination by the New York Times.