Population

Ghana Population 2015

The population of Ghana is divided into some 75 ethnic groups. In the recent census of 2012 the estimated population of Ghana is 25,000 000(females-51%, males 49), giving the country an overall population density of 78 persons per sq km (201 per sq mile).

The most densely populated parts of the country are the coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi.

About 70 percent of the total population lives in the southern half of the country.  The most numerous peoples are the coastal Fanti, and the Ashanti, who live in central Ghana, both of whom belong to the Akan family. The Accra plains are inhabited by the Ga-Adangbe. Most of the inhabitants in the northern region belong to the Moshi-Dagomba or to the Gonja groups.

Ethnic groups Akans
Mole-Dagbon
Ewe
Ga-Dangwe
Gurma
Guan
Other
47.5%
16.6%
13.9%
7.4%
5.7%
3.7%
5.2%
Religious Christians
Muslims
Traditionalist
71.2%
17.6%
5.2%
Languages spoken Asante Twi
Ewe
Fante Twi
Ga-Dangme
Boron Twi
Dagomba
Akyem Twi
Akuapem Twi
English
Others
14.8%
12.7%
9.9%
7.7%
4.6%
4.3%
3.4%
2.9%
36.1%
Literacy rate total
Literacy rate male
Literacy rate female
71.5%
78.3%
65.3%
Population growth 1990 2000 2010
Birth rate; crude (per 1,000 people)
Death rate; crude (per 1,000 people)
Population ages 0 – 14 (% of total)
Population ages 15 – 64 (% of total)
Population ages 65 and above (% of total)
Population growth (annual %)
39.2
10.9
44.1
52.9
3.0
2.8
34.3
10.1
41.1
55.6
3.4
2.4
31.5
7.8
38.6
57.6
3.8
2.4