The Hellenic Republic historically also known as Hellas today as Greece, is a country in southeastern Europe. Greece’s population is approximately 11 million; Athens is nation’s capital.
Greece is strategically situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania, The Republic of Macedonia and The Republic of Bulgaria and Turkey.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, and political science, major scientific and mathematical principles. Despite the financial crisis in 2015 Greece is a democratic and developed country with a high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living. Greece is a founding member of the United Nations; Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Euro zone since 2001.
Greece’s unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance classify it as a middle power. Greece is the largest economy in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor. The shipping industry is a key element of Greek economic activity, shipping accounts for 4.5% of GDP, employs about 160,000. The Greek merchant navy is the largest in the world with 3,150 ships and the total capacity is 17% of the world.
Greece is the European Union’s largest producer of cotton and pistachios and ranked second in the production of rice and olives, third in the production of figs, almonds, tomatoes, watermelons and fourth in the production of tobacco. Agriculture contributes 3.8% of the country’s GDP and employs 12.4% of the country’s labor force.
The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. This climate occurs at all coastal locations, including Athens, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, the Peloponnese, the Ionian Islands and parts of the Central Continental Greece region